MULTIPLICATION CHART

## Download Printable Multiplication Chart 1-12

### Multiplication Tables

This is a multiplication table of 1 to 12, you can download this multiplication table which you can print and stick to the wall near your study table.

How to learn this multiplication table is by reading aloud and repeat, until you memorize this multiplication table.

### Introduction to Multiplication

Multiplication is one of the arithmetic operations. Multiplication and addition have a relationship, that is, multiplication can be found by repeated addition.

An example of repeated addition, if we add four terms of the same number, for example 2, we get: 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 . Then this addition is called repeated addition, can be presented in numbers 2 x 4 and can be called 2 times 4.

Or in multiplication it can be written: **2 x 4 = 8**

2 times 4 means the same as adding 2 four times.

PROPERTIES | MULTIPLICATION |
---|---|

Commutative property | a x b = b x a |

Associative property | (a x b) x c = a x (b x c) |

Distibutive property on addition | (b + c) x a = b x a + c x a |

Distibutive property on subtraction | a x (b – c) = a x b – a x c |

Identity property (1) | a x 1 = 1 x a = a |

Zero property | a x 0 = 0 or 0 x a = 0 |

### Times Tables

### Memorizing the multiplication chart

An easy way to memorize the 1-10 multiplication chart is to divide it into 4 parts, for easy memorization. Here is a picture of the division of the multiplication chart.

**Easy steps to memorize:**

A. Start by memorizing up to 5×5.

B. Next, memorize up to 5×10.

C. Same as B, only the questions are reversed.

D. Last, memorize 6 x 10 facts.